TOEFL Test Format

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The Computer-Based TOEFL (CBT)

When you take the computer-based TOEFL (TOEFL CBT) you will first read a seven-step tutorial teaching you the computer skills necessary for taking the test. For reading the tutorial you have as much time as you want because it is not part of the test itself. The tutorial will teach you such things as how to use a mouse, how to scroll down a page and click on icons. All four sections of the TOEFL test (Listening, Structure, Reading and Writing) are covered in the tutorial so you when you have finished studying the information you will be well prepared the test.

The format of the computer-based TOEFL (CBT TOEFL) test is as follows:
You start by reading the tutorials for which you have unlimited time. Then you take the Listening Section, which lasts between 40 and 60 minutes and you will answer between 30 and 50 questions. After the Listening Section you move on to the section called “Structure”. This part takes between 15 and 20 minutes and there will be between 20 and 25 questions. After you have finished the Structure Section there is a short break of 5 minutes and then you start the Reading Section which takes 70 to 90 minutes and includes 44 to 55 questions. The last part of the TOEFL CBT is the Writing Section. Here you will be given one topic on which you have to write an essay within 30 minutes.

 

 

  • Listening

The Listening Section of the TOEFL test is made up of three parts. In the first part you will hear short conversations usually containing two sentences which are followed by a single question. In the second part you will hear a longer dialogue between two people. After the dialogue you will hear four of five questions. Each of those questions is followed by four answers (A, B, C and D). Only one of those four answers is correct. You have to select the correct answer.

In the final part of the Listening Section you will hear longer pieces of spoken communication such as lectures, radio talks, TV announcements or other broadcasts. Each of those talks lasts between one to two minutes and it is delivered by a single speaker. After every piece of information you have listened to, you must answer four to five questions.

  • Structure

In the Structure Section you have to demonstrate your knowledge and skills in vocabulary, grammar and proper usage of standard North American written English. You will have to recognize vocabulary items of an academic nature, this means, there will be subjects related to science, the arts, literature, culture and history. To answer the questions correctly it will be sufficient if you have an average level of knowledge of those subjects.

 

  • Reading Section

In the Reading Section you will find short passages similar to the sort of texts used for academic purposes in the US, Canada or other internationally recognized universities. For example there will be texts about the arts, literature, biography of important people, science and scientific research as well as history related to North America. Even if you know a lot about any of the subjects covered in the Reading Section of the TOEFL test, it will not necessarily be to your advantage in answering the questions correctly because the TOEFL measures your English language proficiency rather than your knowledge of a specific area. After all, you take the TOEFL test before you actually start your study program at university.

  • Writing Section

In the Writing Section you have to compose an essay based on one single assigned topic. Your essay should include such elements as original thought, analysis, examples, evidence and organization in English. You can choose between composing your essay at a computer or using the traditional hand-written format.

 

COMMENT

TOEFL adalah penilaian kefasihan dalam bahasa Inggris diterima oleh lebih dari 6.000 lembaga. Banyak orang mungkin menganggap bahwa semua ini adalah di Amerika atau Inggris Raya, tetapi mereka sebenarnya tersebar di seluruh dunia di 110 negara. Hampir setiap universitas di negara-negara berbahasa Inggris utama seperti Amerika Serikat, Inggris, Australia, Kanada, dan Selandia Baru, gunakan nilai dari TOEFL untuk menentukan apakah atau tidak penutur non-bahasa Inggris dapat diterima pada program-program mereka, menerima beasiswa, atau masukkan lulus sekolah.

Manfaat lain dari TOEFL atas tes kemampuan berbahasa Inggris yang lain adalah pada kenyataan bahwa ada lebih dari 4.000 pusat tes dapat Anda gunakan. Jika Anda harus melakukan perjalanan, Anda akan menghemat waktu dan uang karena tes dapat diselesaikan dalam satu hari.

Tes ini awalnya dikembangkan di Pusat Linguistik Terapan dipimpin oleh ahli bahasa, Dr Charles A. Ferguson. Berbasis di Washington, DC, Pusat Linguistik Terapan (CAL) adalah sebuah organisasi nirlaba yang berkomitmen untuk meneliti hubungan antara bahasa dan budaya. Didirikan pada tahun 1959, direktur pertama adalah Charles A. Ferguson yang pernah diberikan program serupa di Timur Tengah di tahun 1921-1998 dan mengajar sebagai profesor di Universitas Harvard. Ferguson dipandu untuk dapat mengembangkan solusi praktis serta untuk dapat penerapan bahasa dan keprihatinan keaksaraan pemerintah internasional dan nasional.

 

 

 

Setelah mengikuti Tes TOEFL, peserta akan mendapatkan TOEFL Score.

Adapun kegunaan TOEFL Score adalah untuk:

  1. Mendaftar di Sekolah Menengah Atas (SMA) internasional
  2. Mendaftar di Perguruan Tinggi dalam dan luar negeri
  3. Mendapatkan Beasiswa sekolah atau perguruan tinggi internasional
  4. Melamar pekerjaan diperusahaan Swasta atau Negeri, didalam atau di luar negeri
  5. Kenaikan jabatan atau promosi bagi seseorang yang sudah bekerja

 

 

Souece : http://www.english-test.net

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